By Dr. George Pollock (auth.), George Pollock (eds.)
This e-book makes an attempt to set communicable illnesses and the efforts to manage them in a social and old context. the first concentration is on England with its specific heritage, tradition and traditions. The timescale lined is broad and impressive, and the numerous strands that got here jointly within the 19th century to shape the English public health and wellbeing provider are truly highlighted. but the major emphasis of the narrative is on advancements from the second one international conflict onwards, in a few of which the writer has had a level of non-public involvement as a schoolchild, clinical scholar, health center general practitioner, military surgeon and public healthiness physician.
The paintings as an entire finds the persisting nature of communicable illnesses all through background and strongly argues that, even supposing the suitable significance of person infections might fluctuate through the years, man’s fight opposed to the microbiological international can by no means be comfortable. How England has been affected is defined intimately and facts is recommend to signify that complacency (or a minimum of misjudgement) about the ever-present dangers of rising and re-emerging infections, led unwisely to the dismantling in 1974 of its validated preparations for his or her keep watch over, in addition to the following want, usually repeated, to create new buildings for this function.
This ebook will allure strongly to all scholars and practitioners of public wellbeing and fitness besides these attracted to English social history.
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Extra resources for An Epidemiological Odyssey: The Evolution of Communicable Disease Control
Curiously enough it was again concern about disease in the silkworm industry, this time in France, that provided the background to the next stage in this sequence. Dr Louis Pasteur, who in the 1860s had been originally involved in studies of fermentation of wine and beer, had come to the conclusion that this was caused by microorganisms that could be killed by heat. Thus the word “pasteurisation” entered the language, usually these days applied to milk. Not unreasonably, his work in both these fields led him to the idea that microorganisms might also infect animals and humans, thereby causing disease, but he did not find it possible to link one microbe with a specific infection.
Although, as was stated earlier, the permissive powers of the 1848 Public Health Act allowed the appointment of Medical Officers of Health, not every town and by no means every rural district created such a post at that point. The 1872 Act theoretically made such appointments compulsory but, even by the following year, in practice such posts were simply deemed advisable (Frazer 1950). ” It seems that, in making this appointment, Coventry City Council had indeed been fortunate as Dr Fenton was a cultured and professionally distinguished member of the medical profession.
A lawyer, Edwin Chadwick, was recruited to assist with this work and in the process of investigating the problems he came to the conclusion that poverty in working class families was largely brought about by disease leading to incapacity or death affecting the male breadwinner, thereby leaving a dependent family. Therefore, he concluded, the costs of public relief could actually be cut by preventing disease (Lewis 1991). By observing the association between the incidence of fevers and the combination of massive overcrowding, inadequate waste disposal and polluted water he accepted the miasma theory without question.