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Pears Cyclopaedia 1999-2000 (Penguin reference)

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At each stage of the process both our knowledge and the world itself are limited and contain contradictions, which are overcome at the next stage. In metaphysics, Aureol adopts Duns Scotus’s view that the concept of being is univocal between God and creatures and between substance and accident, but he modifies it to avoid some of the problems he sees with Duns Scotus’s ideas. Although personal idealists do not deny the possibility that there are more grades of self or mind than the human and the divine, they tend to believe that panpsychists have not adequately resolved the tension between pluralistic and monistic strains in their position. (3) Personal idealism is usually considered the most typical form of personalism.

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UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History

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There is one, not inconsiderable, complication: The systems in question will generate the probabilistic patterns only given appropriate initial conditions. Frankfurt, 1964. “A Lecture on Ethics.” Philosophical Review 74 (1965). He next moved to the assertion that every substance, without exception, must be divisible into parts that are themselves substances, and hence into parts within parts to infinity. His first paper on electromagnetism appeared in 1856; his electromagnetic field theory with the derivation of the velocity of light was first 68 • ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY 2nd edition MAXWELL, JAMES CLERK which case “we entirely lose sight of the phenomena to be explained,” or to a physical hypothesis, the irrelevant parts of which are liable to carry one beyond the truth.

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Children's Encyclopedia Amazing Facts

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Mystical religion, at its purest, is indifferent to matters of belief and doctrine. Includes in-depth research links to breaking news, Word of the Day,and Daily Pictures. In fact, however, like Avicenna and Gundissalinus before them, they were still strongly influenced by other traditions (especially Neoplatonism) that dominated such apocryphal works as the Liber de Causis and, in Bacon’s case, the popular Secret of Secrets. The basic idea behind the notion of place is: Everything that is, is located in a place.

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The Encyclopedia of World Sports (Watts Reference)

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Though he later proposed two important changes in his central doctrine of intuition, the early aesthetic theory of Benedetto Croce has remained the most pervasively influential aesthetics of the twentieth century. One should not be subject to fear or uncertainty in face of adversities, and one should willingly accept such adversities, an attitude conveyed in the use of the the character ming. Hildegard of Bingen: Leven of God’s Justice.” Cistercian Studies 24 (1989): 69–88.

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4000 More Facts

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These logicians not only offered detailed criticisms of Avicenna’s departures from Aristotle but also wrote handbooks of logic that became standard textbooks both during the lifetime of their school and later. This will be referred to as the “nomological attitude.” These two ideas, seeing disparate phenomena as manifestation of one underlying mechanism or covered by one set of simple laws, interacted and intertwined dur- ing the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

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1000 More Questions & Answers Opt

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He received the Order of Merit in 1916 and a Garter knighthood, followed by an earldom, in 1922. Lourdes, 1925, 198 pages; 2nd ed., 1928), which contains about five hundred articles covering not only topics in traditional logic, such as absurd, affirmation, a fortiori, but also topics in related philosophical fields, such as change, causality, phenomena, tree of Porphyry. This 10-volume, illustrated series considers the film industry from its early roots in the 19th century right up to 1990.

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National Geographic Encyclopedia of Animals

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The task of proving the consistency of a formalized domain of arithmetic is thus essentially reduced. Whitehead’s comprehensive metaphysical philosophy was presented in “An Essay on Cosmology,” in Process and Reality, based on the Gifford Lectures given at the University of Edinburgh during the 1927–1928 session. Also noteworthy are Nagel’s penetrating reviews, which were frequently featured in the Journal in the 1930s and 1940s.

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My Book of Animals: A Walk Through the National Parks

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No fact about the world can contradict the statement 2 + 2 = 4, because its truth does not depend on facts about the world, but only on facts about what the mathematical symbols occurring in it mean. A second sense of “to know” represents cases in which the relation between the object cognized and the correspondent act of consciousness is similar to or identical with the relation that, for example, a hat on a table has to the act of consciousness of a person who is remembering that his hat was on the table.

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Ultimate Body-Pedia: An Amazing Inside-Out Tour of the Human

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Popkin, Richard H. “Joseph Glanvill: Precursor of Hume.” Journal of the History of Ideas 14 (1953): 292–303. As embodying the concern for tianli, liangzhi is properly considered a personal standard; that is, a stan- dard for making autonomous judgment of the moral quality of thought and actions, as well as feelings. Miracle and Natural Law in Graeco-Roman and Early Christian Thought. The reason for this seeming inconsistency was that Burke regarded the Irish movement and the American rebellion as actions on behalf of traditional rights and liberties that the English government had infringed on.

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Encyclopedia of World Biography 1999 Supplement

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It is an approach that obviously has been deeply affected by the philosophical method that we have come to associate with the work of the later Ludwig Wittgenstein. Natural languages are influenced by a mixture of unconscious evolutionary factors and conscious innovation and policy making. Stoic (or at least Chrysippean) conditionals are true when the contradictory of the consequent is incompatible with its antecedent (Diogenes Laertius 7.73). Rational souls, or spirits, are self-conscious; unlike brutes, which are “empirics” and are aware only of particulars, they can reason and understand necessary truths.

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