The cannabis plant has been accompanying humanity for millennia, even today there is confusion regarding the classification of its species or varieties. Indeed, the debate on how to classify this plant has been active for more than two centuries: Are the different varieties of cannabis typical of a single and very diverse species? Or is it a polytypic genus with several species? In this article, we are going to investigate and explain the main Cannabis and Hemp Plant Differences (marijuana).
Cannabis and Hemp Plant Differences
Marijuana (cannabis rich in THC) tends to be more compact and branched in structure, is rich in cannabinoid and terpene content, and is often bred and used for medicinal or recreational purposes. In contrast, hemp plants are usually much taller (5 meters and even more), have very little lateral branching and their content of cannabinoids and terpenes is usually poor (some of them do have considerable amounts of CBD, CBG, or other compounds of interest, especially in the therapeutic field). Hemp today has dozens of industrial and food applications, from seed production to building brick manufacturing.
Crop of hemp and marijuana
The selection and breeding crop after crop, two very different types of cannabis would have been distinguished: one rich in THC and used for medicinal, religious, and recreational purposes, and another with hardly any THC and destined for the production of edibles and various materials and objects such as fabrics, ropes or baskets.
Cultivation of hemp and cannabis
It is almost impossible to grow hemp indoors, so most of the hemp produced worldwide is outdoors or in greenhouses. On the contrary, and since in many places the cultivation of marijuana is illegal, indoor cultivation is the modality chosen by many growers of this type of plant. Not surprisingly, growing indoors is much safer both for legal reasons and to avoid possible theft.
Marijuana and the cannabis plant in general are recognized for its many effects, including a long list of benefits for health and body care in general. Some of them are:
Studies have affirmed that it can serve as a treatment for glaucoma, epilepsy, cancer, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, intestinal diseases, fibromyalgia, among many others. For these cases, cannabinoids such as CBD, CBG, or TCHV are excellent.
It works very well as an anxiolytic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory. Studies in people with anxiety, muscle or joint pain have already experimented with medical marijuana therapies, obtaining very positive results.
It is antioxidant and neuroprotective and can help in cases of patients suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Cannabinoids like THCV have also been found to have regenerative effects on bone tissue, which can treat osteoporosis.
It stimulates the appetite and controls nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy
Regarding hemp specifically, it has been determined to be a very complete food source, as it is abundant in vitamins and nutrients without the psychotropic effects that many people fear.
- It contains a large number of antioxidants such as Omega 3, Omega 6, and vitamin E, which helps.maintain healthy skin and hair and thus delays the signs of aging.
- It is rich in fiber and minerals such as magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc, so it allows good digestion.
- Strengthens the immune system, increases energy level, and improves metabolism.
- Reduces colic and discomfort of premenstrual syndrome and speeds up muscle recovery after exercise.
- Hemp seed oil can lower cholesterol naturally, as well as help improve cardiovascular health.